What Is An Umbilical Cord Blood Transplant?

What Is A…

Cord Blood Transplant?

Many babies are born every day, and until very recently, the umbilical cord has was always discarded by hospitals around the world. recent medical studies and research shows however, that these are precious little cords of life that could save other people.

The umbilical cord is apparently rich in stem cells, which are useful in treating cancer and other forms of diseases. It helps the body renew itself through cord blood transplant. There have been several successful cord blood transplant procedures in the world, leading to the possibility of a cure for cancer and other genetic disorders.

Another possible use for the cord blood transplant is in bone marrow transplants. Many patients in need of bone marrow transplant often look for donors who usually fail to match their gene pool. Even with family members, this is a very difficult problem to solve. The cord blood transplant can be a better alternative to bone marrow transplant, especially since it helps the body regrow the needed tissues and cells for the cure.

cord blood transplants

As a result of the many successful cases of cord blood transplant, many health and medical institutions around the world have opened up cord blood bank houses. These are facilities in which the umbilical cord from the newborn babies are donated to the cord blood bank, for later use in cord blood transplant.

Hospitals will usually solicit the umbilical cords from the newborn babies parents, but the parents will have to sign a form. There are no fees when you are donating umbilical cords.


Limitations of the Cord Blood transplant

Since the umbilical cord holds very few amounts of blood in it, it is regarded as highly valuable than the normal type of blood from an adult. Moreover, the cord blood has traces of stem cells, which is not present in the usual blood donations.

Another limitation of the cord blood transplant is that not all people have the same types of blood. Some cord blood will have a compatibility with some people, and some will have a rare chance to be compatible with others. Some blood types are more available and common than others, and this principle applies to the cord blood.

Other factors are considered in a cord blood transplant such as the age of the donor, the age of the receiver, the sexes, blood type, and preexisting medical conditions among other things.

cord blood transplant

More Often Used in Children

Cord blood transplant is more often used in children because smaller patients only require smaller amounts of cells to regenerate, while the adults will need larger amounts of blood to regenerate the right cells. Some cord blood do not have enough cells for larger patients, which is why many hospitals only perform the cord blood transplant on children.

Performing the cord blood transplant on an adult does not guarantee effectiveness and cure, because of the limited amount of stem cells in the cord blood units. That is why children are mostly the recipients of many cord blood donations.